Power, Maclver says, is an ability to command service from others. Though Deutsch defines the concept in the background of international politics, its relevance to national politics is, however, undeniable. A manager will not be able to function efficiently without proper authority.
Simply stated, accountability means that the subordinate should explain the factors responsible for non-performance or lack of performance. In any pluralist society there are numerous groups and they all compete among themselves at various levels to capture political power or to influence the agencies who exercise their influence.
Responsibility is very important. In view of the competence of the subordinate, duties or tasks or job is assigned to him. No subordinate could be held responsible for showing those results for which no authority was granted to him.
In order to meet the targets, the manager should delegate authority. No simple analysis can unearth the various aspects of power.
Miliband is of opinion that this tendency—gargantuan nature of corporate body—is inevitable. Management can be described as a process encompassing several core functions of management. It arises from responsibility. An aspect of the traditional authority is that there is no legal sanction behind such authority.
In many countries of Africa or West Asia there are hereditary systems or dynastic rulers. On the other hand, power can exist without authority. Hitler, Mussolini and even to some extent de Gaulle forcefully seized political power and they remained in power with the help of charisma. Britain has no written constitution, but there is a constitutional system or framework based on tradition, customs, convention etc.
For example, de Gaulle of France, Margaret Thatcher of Britain had exceptional qualities to influence people. The entire process of delegation of authority entails the following steps: Hence we find that authority is used in both senses.
Concept of Delegation of Authority: It is because power implies ability to influence or control others or to get things done by others. But this ability may not be legitimate. Miliband says, the advanced capitalism is synonymous with giant enterprise. It is faced with challenge posed by domestic policies and Industrial Corporation of developing nations.
Therefore, in the process of delegation of authority, this parity between authority and responsibility must be taken care of. There are two men—A and B. The entire process of delegation of authority entails the following steps: As a matter of fact, after having delegated authority to a subordinate, the responsibility of the superior increases; in as much as, the latter is responsible to his own superior-not only for his own acts but also for the performance of the subordinate who was delegated authority.
This is quite unavoidable because the developing states require both investment and sophisticated technologies for rapid development and for these they are to depend on MNCs. nature of organization & management lav nigam1 2. Nature Of OrganizationWhat is an organization?An organization is a collection of people who work together and coordinate their actions to achieve a wide variety of goals 2.
Delegation of Authority means entrusting someone else to do parts of your job. Delegation of authority is defined as subdivision and sub-allocation of powers to the subordinates in order to achieve effective results.
The clearer the line of authority from the ultimate management position in an organization to every subordinate position, the clearer will be the responsibility for decision making and effective will be.
Transcript of The Nature & Types Of Authority.
By Becci & Danny Authority Responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales. It is independent of pressure groups, political parties and, in principle, of government.
Nature of authority Types of Authority HM Chief Inspector of Prisons. Authority, Responsibility and Accountability In Management, article posted by Gaurav Akrani on Kalyan City Life blog.
Management and nature of management. Published on February 13, Delegation of authority and creation of responsibility. Managerial (functions of .Nature of managerial authority